1. The last full set of projections were based on the midyear population estimate for 2002 and the more recent interim set the 2003 midyear estimate. The key changes from previously published projections in terms of births, deaths and total population are shown in Table 5a [1], Table 5b [2] and Table 5c [3] respectively. Section 4.4 looks at the differences in the migration assumptions between the projections. Note that national projections are usually produced every two years – the next set will be 2006based and are due to be published in 2007.
2. Figure 6 [4] compares the 2004based projection with previous projections and shows that the level of the population under the latest projection is higher and that the decline has been deferred to the 2020s.
3. The difference between the projections is due to the different assumptions made about fertility, mortality and migration. The natural change (the difference between the number of births and deaths) for the 2004based projection compared with previous projections is shown in Figure 7 [5]. The number of births is projected to be slightly higher and the number of deaths is projected to be broadly similar to the 2002 and 2003based projections resulting in a reduced natural decrease. More information on the reasons for the differences is given in section 3 [6] and Annex A [7], Annex B [8] and Annex C [9].
4. The overall longterm migration assumption has been changed from the assumption used in the last full (2002 based projections) and interim 2003 national projections from –1,500 per annum, to +4,000 per annum:

2002/2003based 
2004based 
International migration 
1,500 
+2,500 
Internal migration 
0 
+1,500 
Net migration 
1,500 
+4,000 
5. This increase in the assumption for the 2004based projections compared with the 2 previous sets arises because the projections are trend based and more people migrated to Scotland from the rest of the UK and overseas in the last couple of years. This is described in 'Scotland's Population 2004  The Registrar General’s Annual Review of Demographic Trends [10]' and is available on this website.
6. The tables below summarise the differences between the current 2004 and the interim 2003based projections. The difference in results for the projected age structure of Scotland is small, but show slightly less people to be of pensionable age with an increase in the working age population in 2031. The projected number of dependents (both children and pensioners) per 100 of working age show a small decrease in 2031.
Projected age structure of Scotland’s population
Age Group
[Footnote]

2003based

2004based


2004

2031

2004

2031


Children

18.4%

15.7%

18.4%

15.7%

Working age

62.5%

57.9%

62.5%

58.5%

Pension age

19.1%

26.5%

19.1%

25.8%

Projected number of dependents per 100 population of working age, Scotland
Age Group
[Footnote]
(per 100 people of working age)

2003based

2004based


2004

2031

2004

2031


Children

29.5

27.0

29.5

26.8

Pensioners

30.5

45.8

30.5

44.2

All dependants

60.0

72.8

60.0

70.9

1. Children defined as under 16. Working age and pensionable age populations based on state pension age for given year. Between 2010 and 2020, state pension age will change from 65 years for men and 60 years for women, to 65 years for both sexes.
Links
[1] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/listoftables#tab5a
[2] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/listoftables#tab5b
[3] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/listoftables#tab5c
[4] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/listoffigures#fig6
[5] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/listoffigures#fig7
[6] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/thebasepopulationandassumptionsusedintheprojection
[7] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/annexafertilityassumptions
[8] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/annexbmortalityassumptions
[9] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statisticsbytheme/population/populationprojections/populationprojectionsscotland/2004based/annexcmigrationassumptions
[10] https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statisticsanddata/statistics/statsataglance/registrargeneralsannualreview/archive/2004