National Records of Scotland

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Settlements and Localities Dataset

A settlement is defined to be a group of high density postcodes whose combined population rounds to 500 people or more. They are separated by low density postcodes.

Localities correspond to the more recognisable towns and cities of Scotland which can be found within settlements. They also have a minimum rounded population of 500 people or more.

Digital Boundaries
Shapefiles provided in Zip format that can be used with population estimates publications.

Related Information and Data (available on the National Records of Scotland website).

Population Estimates of Settlements and Localities

Locality geographies


2001 Census: Key Statistics for Settlements and Localities (Published 25 March 2003)

Scottish Settlements Urban and Rural Areas in Scotland (Published 5 February 2001)

Useful Information

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A list of common definitions and acronyms used in these pages is available on our Glossary page.