National Records of Scotland

Preserving the past, Recording the present, Informing the future

Terminology

Terminology

Heraldry uses a specific language which allows for a clear verbal description which those with heraldic knowledge anywhere in the world will be able to interpret into a pictorial version. It is this verbal description, or blazon, which determines the design of the Arms and in Volume 1 of the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland there are very few pictorial renderings of blazons.

Glossary

Colours or metals:-

Title Description
Or Gold or Yellow
Argent Silver or White
Gules Red
Azure Blue
Sable Black
Vert Green
Purpure Purple
Ermine White with black 'tails'
Erminois Gold with black 'tails'

Ordinaries or charges:-

Chief Fess Pale
Chevron Bend Saltire

Cross