The size of the population is estimated on an annual basis, using 30th June (mid-year) as a reference point. Following the publication of the mid-year population estimates, a range of other population statistics are released. Information about the administrative sources used to produce population estimates can be found in the 'Information on the quality assurance arrangements for administrative data used in population estimates' paper on the National and Official Statistics section of this website. Information on the Consistency of methods used for population statistics across UK countries is available on the ONS website.
We have recently identified an error in the Scottish mid-year population estimates for 2002 to 2010 due to an issue with the method of rebasing the population estimates using the 2011 Census results. This affects the age distribution of older age groups which made the 90+ population too small and the population of those aged 81-89 too large. More details can be found on the revisions and corrections page.
Mid-Year Population Estimates
The latest annual mid-year population estimates for Scotland and its constituent NHS board and council areas. This section also includes historical data back to 1982 and a time series dataset back to 1855.
Centenarians (and people aged 90 and over) Population Estimates
The latest annual mid-year estimates of persons aged 90 and over at Scotland and Sub-national levels.
2011 Data Zone based Special Area Population Estimates
The latest annual mid-year Small Area Population Estimates and Special Area Population Estimates based on the 2011 Data Zone boundaries. This section currently includes data back to mid-2011.
2001 Data Zone based Special Area Population Estimates
The annual mid-year Small Area Population Estimates and special area population estimates based on the 2001 Data Zone boundaries. This section included historical data back to 1996.
Settlements and Localities
This section contains the biennial mid-year population estimates for Settlements and Localities.
Population by Country of Birth and Nationality
Estimates of the population by Country of Birth and Nationality from the Annual Population Survey (APS).
Marital Status Population Estimates Scotland
This publication contains the estimated resident population by age, sex and legal marital status for Scotland for mid-2008, and for mid-2001 to mid-2007.
Please contact our Statistics Customer Services if you need any further information.