National Records of Scotland

Preserving the past, Recording the present, Informing the future

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919)

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919)

Manufacturer and philanthropist

Andrew Carnegie emigrated with his family to Pennsylvania in the United States in 1848. He made his fortune there in iron and steel production. The British, American and Canadian public library systems benefited greatly from his generosity and the many Carnegie library buildings are testament to this. He also set up a trust for the Scottish universities. His birthplace in Dunfermline is now a museum.

Birth in 1835

Andrew Carnegie was born on 25 November 1835, the son of William Carnegie, Reform Street and Margaret Morrison. The entry in the Old Parish Register (OPR) for Dunfermline in the county of Fife includes the names of two witnesses - Thomas Morrison, senior and junior.

Birth entry for Andrew Carnegie

Birth entry for Andrew Carnegie (22 KB jpeg)
National Records of Scotland, OPR 424/14, page 53

1841 census

In 1841 Andrew Carnegie (here spelt Carnagie), aged 5 years, was enumerated in the household of his uncle, George Lauder, fruiterer. The census record for an address in the High Street, Dunfermline, includes entries for Seaton Lauder, his aunt and George Lauder, aged four, his cousin. All were born in the county (Yes).

1841 census record for Andrew Carnegie

1841 census record for Andrew Carnegie (42 KB jpeg)
National Records of Scotland, 1841/424/1, page 1