National Records of Scotland

Preserving the past, Recording the present, Informing the future

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919)

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919)

Manufacturer and philanthropist

Andrew Carnegie emigrated with his family to Pennsylvania in the United States in 1848. He made his fortune there in iron and steel production. The British, American and Canadian public library systems benefited greatly from his generosity and the many Carnegie library buildings are testament to this. He also set up a trust for the Scottish universities. His birthplace in Dunfermline is now a museum.

Birth in 1835

Andrew Carnegie was born on 13 September 1835, the son of Andrew Carnegie, weaver, Pittencrieff Street and Margaret Baxter. The entry in the Old Parish Register (OPR) for Dunfermline in the county of Fife includes the names of two witnesses.

Birth entry for Andrew Carnegie

Birth entry for Andrew Carnegie (21 KB jpeg)
National Records of Scotland, OPR 424/14, page 63

1841 census

In 1841 Andrew Carnegie, aged 6, was living with his parents and sister Joan on the north side of Grieve Street in Dunfermline. The ages for Andrew and Margaret Carnegie are given as 30 and have been rounded down to the nearest five.

1841 census record for Andrew Carnegie

1841 census record for Andrew Carnegie (37 KB jpeg)
National Records of Scotland, 1841/424/24, page 1