National Records of Scotland

Preserving the past, Recording the present, Informing the future

Hall of Fame A-Z

Hall of Fame A-Z

A

Robert Adam (1728-1792), architect

William Adam (1689-1748), builder and architect

William Alexander (c1567-1641), poet and politician

Johnny Armstrong (died 1529), Border Reiver, in the entry on hairy thyme

Sir William Arrol (1839-1913), civil engineer

B

Dame Isobel Baillie (1895-1983), singer

Robert Baillie of Jerviswood (1634-1684), conspirator

John Logie Baird (1888-1946), television engineer

Arthur James Balfour (1848-1930), Prime Minister

J M Barrie (1860-1937), playwright and novelist

Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), educator of the deaf and inventor of the telephone

Sir Charles Bell (1774-1842), physiologist and surgeon

Joseph Black (1728-1799), chemist and physician

James Boswell (1740-1795), lawyer, diarist and biographer of Samuel Johnson

Harry Bowers (1883-1912), polar explorer

Sir David Brewster (1781-1868), natural philosopher and academic administrator

John Broadwood (1732-1812), harpsichord and piano manufacturer

Henry Brougham (1778-1868), Lord Chancellor

George Douglas Brown (1869-1902), writer

George Mackay Brown (1921-1996), poet and writer

John Brown (1826-1883), personal servant to Queen Victoria

John Buchan (1875-1940), author, publisher and Governor-General of Canada

Gilbert Burnet (1643-1715), Bishop of Salisbury and historian

Robert Burns (1759-1796), poet

Sir William Burrell (1861-1958), art collector

Sir Matt Busby (1909-1994), football manager

C

David Calderwood (1575-1650), Church of Scotland minister and historian

Archibald Campbell (1658-1703), nobleman and politician

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908), Prime Minister

Alexander Carlyle (1722-1805), Church of Scotland minister and memorialist

Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881), author, biographer and historian

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919), manufacturer and philanthropist

William Carstairs (1649-1716), Church of Scotland minister and political adviser

James Chalmers (1782-1853), Post Office reformer

Thomas Chalmers (1780-1847), founder of the Free Church of Scotland

Agatha Christie (1890-1976), writer

Jim Clark (1936-1968), world champion racing driver

Sir John Clerk of Penicuik (1676-1755), politician and antiquary

Alison Cockburn (1717-1794), writer and literary hostess

Henry Cockburn (1779-1854), author and judge

Patrick Colquhoun (1745-1820), provost of Glasgow, tobacco merchant, reformer and statistician in the entry on hazel

Robert Colquhoun (1914-1962), artist, in the entry on hazel

Archibald Constable (1774-1827), publisher

James Craig (1739-1795), architect and designer of Edinburgh's New Town

A J Cronin (1896-1981), novelist

William Cullen (1710-1790), chemist and physician

Stanley Cursiter (1887-1976), painter, museum director and cartographer

D

David Dale (1739-1806), industrialist and philanthropist

James Dalrymple (1619-1695), lawyer and politician

Sir John Dalrymple (1648-1707), politician and Lord Advocate

Henry Stewart, lord Darnley (1545/6-1567), second consort of Mary Queen of Scots

Randall Davidson (1848-1930), Archbishop of Canterbury

Thomas De Quincey (1785-1859), essayist

William Denny (1815-1854), shipbuilder and shipowner

Sir James Dewar (1842-1923), chemist and physicist

George Dick (1914-1997), pathologist and virologist

James Donaldson (1751-1830), newspaper editor and philanthropist

Archibald Douglas (1694-1761), landowner

James Douglas (1662-1711), politician)

Margaret Douglas (d 1775), noblewoman

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), writer

William Drummond of Hawthornden (1585-1649), poet and pamphleteer

Henry Duncan (1774-1846), founder of the first savings bank run on business principles

Henry Dundas (1742-1811), politician

John Boyd Dunlop (1840-1921), inventor and pioneer of the pneumatic rubber tyre

E  

Mary Erskine (1629-1707), businesswoman and philanthropist

Thomas Erskine (1732-1781), composer

F

Adam Ferguson (1723-1816), philosopher and historian

Ian Hamilton Finlay (1925-2006), artist and writer, in the entry on the Guelder rose

Andrew Fisher (1862-1928), Prime Minister of Australia

Sir Alexander Fleming (1881-1955), bacteriologist, discoverer of penicillin and Nobel laureate

Duncan Forbes of Culloden (1644-1704), genealogist and politician

George Forrest (1873-1932), plant collector, in the entry on birch (ornamental)

Robert Foulis (1707-1776) and Andrew Foulis (1712-1775), printers and book-sellers

Simon Fraser (1773-1852), editor of traditional music and composer

Sir James George Frazer (1854-1941) in the entry on the wild daffodil

Edmund Fresson (1891-1963), airline executive

G

Jenny Geddes (c 1600-c 1660), market trader in the entry on the lesser periwinkle

Patrick Geddes (1854-1932), town planner, in the entry on the male fern

James Geikie (1839-1915), geologist

Lewis Grassic Gibbon - pseudonym of James Leslie Mitchell (1901-1935), writer

Thomas Blake Glover (1838-1911), merchant

Neil Gow (1727-1807), music-seller and composer

James Gillespie Graham (1776-1855), architect

James Grahame (1790-1842), historian

Kenneth Grahame (1859-1932), writer and Secretary of the Bank of England

Anne Grant (1755-1838), author

Jimmie Guthrie (1897-1937), racing motorcyclist

Thomas Guthrie (1803-1873), Free Church of Scotland minister and philanthropist

H

Basil Hall (1788-1844), naval officer and author

John Hamilton (1656-1708), politician

Thomas Hamilton (1563-1637), lawyer and politician

William Hamilton (1704-1754), poet and Jacobite army officer

James Hannay (died 1661), Dean of St Giles in Edinburgh, in the entry on the lesser periwinkle

Keir Hardie (1856-1915), founder of the Labour Party

Adam Hepburn (d 1513), Master of the Royal Stables

Andrew Heriot (died c1531), laird

George Heriot (1563-1624), jeweller and philanthropist

David Octavius Hill (1802-1870, painter and photographer

James Hogg (1770-1835), poet and novelist

Sir Alec Douglas-Home (1903-1995), Prime Minister

Francis Horner (1778-1817), politician

David Hume (1711-1796), philosopher and historian

Joseph Hume (1777-1855), radical and politician

James Hutton (1726-1797), geologist

I

Elsie Inglis (1864-1917), physician, surgeon and suffragette

J

David "Monterey" Jack (1822-1909), businessman

Francis Jeffrey (1773-1850), writer and judge

Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), American lawyer and statesman

K

John Knox (d 1572), religious reformer

L

Cosmo Gordon Lang (1864-1945), Archbishop of Canterbury

Sir Harry Lauder (1870-1950, music hall entertainer

Sir John Lauder (1646-1742), judge and political commentator

Bonar Law (1858-1923), Prime Minister

David Leslie (1601-1682), army officer

George Leveson-Gower (1758-1833), landowner

James Bowman Lindsay (1799-1862), experimenter with electricity and writer on theology

David Livingstone (1813-1873, explorer and missionary

George Lockhart of Carnwath (1681-1731), Jacobite politician and memoirist

John Gibson Lockhart (1794-1854), writer and literary editor

Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875), geologist

Benny Lynch (1913-1946), world boxing champion

Ramsay MacDonald (1866-1937), Prime Minister

Alexander MacDonell (1725-1761), soldier and Jacobite

William MacGillivray (1796-1852), ornithologist and natural historian

Rob Roy MacGregor (1671-1734), outlaw and folk hero

Charles Macintosh (1766-1843), chemist and inventor of waterproof fabric

Sir Alexander Mackenzie (1764-1820), explorer

Alexander Mackenzie (1822-1892), Prime Minister of Canada

George Mackenzie (d 1651, chief of Clan Mackenzie

Henry Mackenzie (1745-1831, writer

Osgood Mackenzie (1842-1922), founder of the garden at Inverewe, in the entry on ling (white heather)

Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928), architect, decorative artist and watercolour painter

Agnes Maclehose (1758-1841), letter-writer and poet

Lachlan Macquarie (1761-1824), army officer and colonial governor

Robert Macqueen, Lord Braxfield (1722-1799), judge

John Maitland (1616-1682), politician

Martin Martin (died 1719), author of 'A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland' (1703) in the entries on ling (white heather) and wild flag iris

Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587)

Francis Masson (1741-1805), botanist, in the entry on the African blue lily

James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879), physicist

Horatio McCulloch (1805-1867), landscape painter

Andrew Meikle (1719-1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine

John Middleton (1619-1674), army officer

Hugh Miller (1802-1856), geologist, evangelical journalist and writer

James Leslie Mitchell (1901-1935), writer

Alexander Monro (1697-1767), founder of the University of Edinburgh's Medical School

Agnes Mowbray (d 1595), wife of Robert Crichton of Eliok, Lord Advocate

John Muir (1838-1914), conservationist

William Murdoch (1754-1839), engineer and discoverer of coal gas

Alexander Murray (1775-1813), orientalist

Lady Caroline Nairne (1766-1845), songwiter

Thomas Nelson (1780-1861), publisher and printer

P

Archibald Pitcairne (1652-1713), physician

John Playfair (1748-1819), mathematician and geologist

William Henry Playfair (1790-1857), architect

Q

R

John Rae (1813-1893), Arctic explorer

Sir Henry Raeburn (1756-1823), portrait painter

Sir George Houstoun Reid (1845-1918), Prime Minister of Australia

Thomas Reid (1710-1796), natural and moral philosopher

Lord John Reith (1889-1971), first Director-General of the BBC

David Riccio (1533-1566), musician and courtier

William Robertson (1721-1793), historian and minister of the Church of Scotland

Lord John Russell (1792-1878), Prime Minister

Daniel Rutherford (1749-1819), physicist and chemist

S

Saint Andrew

Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), poet and novelist

Patrick Sellar (1780-1851), sheep farmer and agent of the Highland Clearances

Bill Shankly (1913-1981), football manager

James Sharp (1618-1679), Archbishop of St Andrews

Sir James Young Simpson (1811-1870), physician and obstetrician

James Scott Skinner (1843-1927), traditional fiddler, in the entry on the Scotch thistle

John Slezer (d 1717), army officer and topographical draughtsman

Adam Smith (1723-1790), moral philosopher and political economist

Sir William Alexander Smith (1854-1914), founder of the Boys' Brigade

Tobias Smollett (1721-1771), writer

Jock Stein (1922-1985), football manager

Robert Stevenson (1772-1850), civil engineer

Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894), writer

Dugald Stewart (1753-1828), philosopher

John Stuart, third earl of Bute (1713-1792), Prime Minister

Elizabeth Sutherland (1765-1839), landowner

T

Archibald Campbell Tait (1811-1882), Archbishop of Canterbury

Thomas Telford (1757-1834), civil engineer

Charles Tennant (1768-1838), chemical manufacturer

Alexander 'Greek' Thomson (1817-1875), architect

Sir D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson (1860-1948), zoologist and classical scholar, in the entry on the grape hyacinth

U

V

W

James Watt (1736-1819), engineer

Sir David Wilkie (1785-1841), painter of genre historical subjects and portraits

Alexander Wilson (1714-1786), astronomer and type founder

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869-1959), physicist and Nobel laureate

George Washington Wilson (1823-1893), miniature painter and photographer

James Wilson (1742-1798), signatory to the American Declaration of Independence

John Witherspoon (1723-1794), signatory to the American Declaration of Independence

Robert Wodrow (1679-1734), ecclesiastical historian

X

Y

James Young (1811-1883), chemist and philanthropist

Z