National Records of Scotland

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Air Chief Marshall Sir Arthur Tedder (1890-1967)

Air Chief Marshall Sir Arthur Tedder (1890-1967)

Air Force Officer

Arthur Tedder was a pilot and squadron commander in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War. He went on to serve as a senior officer in the Royal Air Force in Turkey and the Far East and as Director General of Research and Development at the Air Ministry. During the Second World War he directed operations in the Mediterranean and North Africa and played a major role in planning the Allied invasion of Italy. He was appointed Deputy Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force under General Eisenhower for Operation Overlord. The Imperial War Museum's 'A Who's Who of D-Day' page includes a summary of his contribution. After the war, he served as Chief of the Air Staff and implemented arrangements for the Berlin Airlift in 1948. He also held senior positions in business and academia. He received many honours and was raised to the peerage in 1946. Arthur William, first baron Tedder of Glenguin was widowed twice and died on 3 June 1967 at his home in Surrey.

Birth in 1890

Arthur William Tedder was born at 2:30 pm on 11 July 1890, the son of Arthur John Tedder, Inland Revenue Officer and Emily Charlotte Bryson. The entry in the statutory register of births for the parish of Killearn in the county of Stirling gives his place of birth as Glenguin, Killearn. Glenguin is now Glengoyne.

Birth entry for Arthur Tedder

Birth entry for Arthur Tedder (47 KB jpeg)
National Records of Scotland, 1890/482/15

1891 Census

In 1891, Arthur W Tedder, aged 8 months, was enumerated at 254 Morrison Street in Edinburgh. The census return for the district of St George shows the household included his father, Arthur J Tedder, Civil Servant, Inland Revenue Officer, 1st class, aged 39, mother Emily C, aged 36, brother Henry J, aged 11 and sister Mary E, aged 8 long with Jane Dick, their domestic servant aged 24.

1891 Census record for Arthur Tedder

1891 Census record for Arthur Tedder (40 KB jpeg)
National Records of Scotland 1891/685-1/55, page 15

1895 Valuation Roll

In 1895 the family were in Shetland. The valuation roll for the parish of Lerwick in the county of Zetland shows his father, Arthur John Tedder, Sup[erintendant] of Inland Revenue, was the tenant and occupier of a house and garden at Braeside Law Lane. The proprietor was Jeremiah Dodsworth, Collector of HM Customs, 35 Castle Square, Carnarvon (Caernarfon).

1895 valuation roll for Arthur Tedder

1895 valuation roll for Arthur Tedder (19 KB jpeg)
National Records of Scotland VR118/27, page 182

1901 Census

In 1901, Arthur W Tedder, scholar, aged 10, was enumerated at Friars House, Institution Street, Elgin with his father Arthur J Tedder, Inland Revenue Collector, his mother and sister Margaret E, aged 18 and two servants.

1901 Census record for Arthur Tedder

1901 Census record for the parish of Elgin (34 KB jpeg)
National Records of Scotland, 1901/135/10, page 16